A Rigidity-Based Decentralized Bearing Formation Controller for Groups of Quadrotors UAVs
This paper considers the problem of controlling a formation of quadrotor UAVs equipped with onboard cameras able to measure relative bearings in their local body frames with respect to neighboring UAVs. The control goal is twofold: (i) steering the agent group towards a formation defined in terms of desired bearings, and (ii) actuating the group motions in the `null-space' of the current bearing formation. The proposed control strategy relies on an extension of the rigidity theory to the case of directed bearing frameworks in R^3 x S^1. This extension allows to devise a decentralized bearing controller which, unlike most of the present literature, does not need presence of a common reference frame or of reciprocal bearing measurements for the agents. Simulation and experimental results are then presented for illustrating and validating the approach.
This work has been submitted to the 2016 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS 2016) held in Daejeon, Korea, October 9-14, 2016.